Tallinn is the European Capital of Culture in 2011. The present article is written in August while half of the year is over. Some summary how successful the Culture year has been and what kind of changes it has emerged can already be done. Though the real long-term effects of the year we can make after several years.
The planning and preparation that Tallinn will be the European Capital of Culture in 2011 started already in 2005 and the process came through several phases. It started with the discussions and brainstorming of working groups where belonged officials from different city departments as well as art people. Those groups prepared also the official application to the European Commission. In 2007 an independent organization The Capital of Culture Foundation Tallinn2011 was founded by the City of Tallinn with the functions of preparing and coordination of execution of the program. The infrastructure projects were performed by different city departments or state institutions.
The expectations what kind of problems the process of Capital of Culture will solve were very different: artists and culture people hoped to fulfil their dreams and ideas that could not have done in "ordinary year", marketing people found that the most important aim is the rise of foreign tourists, city planners stressed the need for developing disused districts of the town, etc., etc.